I read part of Stanley’s How Propaganda Works. This is a review of my reading, here is my response to some questions about the reading.
I feel like effective Propaganda can blur the line of separation, which destroys all communication. I think this is what Klemperer was describing when he was talking about ‘heroism’.
I think that if the world had social media in the 1930’s Nazism would have never gained the grasp over Germany that it did. Their persuasive propaganda influenced a nation to the genocide of a race of people. Social media is preventing the spread of fake news. Which seems to be one of the biggest propaganda tools used to influence a nation to make decisions the ultimately are not in their best interest.
How does Stanley define “propaganda”?
He describes it as ‘political rhetoric’, which is one of the basic concepts of philosophy as taught by Aristotle and Plato.
What is “authoritarianism,” and how does it relate to propaganda?
authoritarianism is defined as “the enforcement or advocacy of strict obedience to authority at the expense of personal freedom.” This is done by a despotic government. The use of Propaganda is necessary for the expansion of an authoritarian regime.
What does he mean by “flawed ideology”?
He writes; “National Socialist ideology involves a hierarchy of race, an “explicit elite group, and dehumanization of other groups.” This is his example of what he calls a ‘flawed ideology.’ For me I think he is talking about the masses all going with group think.
Take the current downfall of ‘white America’, which I do not agree with. Bringing down racism by using racism. That is a flawed ideology. We cannot beat racism by being racist.
Look at current topics in the news were it appears a police officer used some masonic ritualistic style killing to murder someone on live tv. He knew he was being recorded, he was looking right at the camera. So it is a flawed ideology to say its a white vs black issue and not an authoritative move. Like we are police and we are about people, if we focused more on the problem I think we could find a solution.
Then of course we have the potential secret societies existing within our police forces and we should never allow for secret societies to exist in a free and open society.
What was Plato’s critique of democracy?
Basically that democracy is unstable, which is true. John Adams wrote in a letter to his wife; “Remember, democracy never lasts long. It soon wastes, exhausts, and murders itself. There never was a democracy yet that did not commit suicide.” This expands on Plato’s notion that a democracy is unstable, his critique was more in depth.
Why and how would Stanley argue that we are not a democracy?
He wold argue that we were never a democracy, but rather a Constitutional Republic because that is what we are and always have been. Founded on democratic ideologies. The mob cannot rule and a democracy is mob rule, rather a republic elects those who represent the mob rule.